Methods for the Detection of ROS in Human Sperm Samples

  • David Benjamin
  • Rakesh K. Sharma
  • Arozia Moazzam
  • Ashok Agarwal
Chapter
Part of the Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice book series (OXISTRESS)

Abstract

Male-factor significantly contributes to infertility in couples of reproductive age. Several studies have shown that oxidative stress (OS) is involved in the pathophysiology of male infertility. It is caused by an imbalance between the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the ability of the antioxidants to scavenge them. There are several methods to measure seminal ROS in the clinical setting, most notably among them is the chemiluminescence assay. This technique measures the global ROS, i.e., both the intra- and extracellular ROS. The measurement of seminal ROS employing the chemiluminescence technique in clinical andrology labs is explained in this chapter. Through a deeper understanding of ROS and its measurement, clinical andrology labs can better assist patients to achieve increased rates of fertility and pregnancy.

Keywords

Use of chemiluminescence assay Measurement of seminal reactive oxygen levels Clinical andrology labs Free radicals Sources of ROS 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Benjamin
    • 1
  • Rakesh K. Sharma
    • 1
  • Arozia Moazzam
    • 1
  • Ashok Agarwal
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Reproductive MedicineCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Center for Reproductive MedicineCleveland Clinic, Lerner College of MedicineClevelandUSA

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