Dystonia is a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, causing abnormal postures, twisting, and repetitive movements. Dystonic appearance may be mimicked by other neurological diseases in which sustained abnormal postures may be present, but which are not considered a true dystonia, and hence are called pseudodystonia. Some forms of pseudodystonia are neurological emergencies, requiring urgent evaluation and treatment. Atlanto-axial subluxation, infectious torticollis, and tetanus all require appropriate measures; otherwise they will result in medical disasters. In this chapter, we discuss causes, evaluation, and management of pseudodystonic emergencies.
Down Syndrome Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Acute Rheumatic Fever Head Tilt Sustained Muscle Contraction
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