Advertisement

Neurobiofeedback

  • Thomas HartmannEmail author
  • Isabel Lorenz
  • Nathan Weisz

Keypoints

  1. 1.

    While neurofeedback has been used for the treatment of various diseases for about 40 years, research on using it as a treatment against tinnitus has begun only recently.

     
  2. 2.

    This is mainly due to the fact that the first studies concerning electrophysiological abnormalities in tinnitus patients were done in the early 2000s.

     
  3. 3.

    This chapter first outlines the history of neurofeedback as well as the theory behind it.

     
  4. 4.

    This is followed by a short description of the electrophysiological abnormalities in tinnitus patients applied in the studies provided at the end of the chapter.

     
  5. 5.

    These studies not only show effects on electrophysiological measurements but also demonstrate a great impact on tinnitus sensation and distress.

     

Keywords

Chronic tinnitus Neurofeedback EEG 

Abbreviations

ADHD

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder

dB

Decibel

EEG

Electroencephalography

fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging

HL

Hearing level

MEG

Magnetoencephalography

QEEG

Quantitative electroencephalography

TQ

Tinnitus questionnaire

References

  1. 1.
    Miller NE. Learning of visceral and glandular responses. Science. 1969;163(3866):434–445.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sterman M, Friar L. Suppression of seizures in an epileptic following sensorimotor EEG feedback training. Electroen­cephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1972 Jul;33(1):89–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lubar JF, Shouse MN. EEG and behavioral changes in a hyperkinetic child concurrent with training of the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR). Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1976;1(3):293–306.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rockstroh B, Elbert T, Birbaumer N, Wolf P, Düchting-Röth A, Reker M, et al. Cortical self-regulation in patients with epilepsies. Epilepsy Res. 1993 Jan;14(1):63–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Masterpasqua F, Healey K. Neurofeedback in psychological practice. Prof Psychol Res Pract. 2003;34(6):652–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hartmann T. ConSole [Internet]. Available from: http://console-kn.sf.netGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eggermont JJ, Roberts LE. The neuroscience of tinnitus. Trends Neurosci. 2004 Nov;27(11):676–682.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weisz N, Dohrmann K, Elbert T. The relevance of spontaneous activity for the coding of the tinnitus sensation. Prog Brain Res. 2007;166:61–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Weisz N, Moratti S, Meinzer M, Dohrmann K, Elbert T. Tinnitus perception and distress is related to abnormal spontaneous brain activity as measured by magnetoencephalography. PLOS Med. 2005 Jun;2(6):e153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Flor H, Hoffmann D, Struve M, Diesch E. Auditory discrimination training for the treatment of tinnitus. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2004 Jun;29(2):113–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Norena AJ, Eggermont JJ. Enriched acoustic environment after noise trauma reduces hearing loss and prevents cortical map reorganization. J Neurosci. 2005 Jan;25(3): 699–705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Noreña AJ, Eggermont JJ. Enriched acoustic environment after noise trauma abolishes neural signs of tinnitus. NeuroReport. 2006 Apr;17(6):559–563.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ridder DD, Loo EVD, Kelen KVD, Menovsky T, Heyning PVD, Moller A. Theta, alpha and beta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: brain modulation in tinnitus. Int J Med Sci. 2007;4(5):237–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kleinjung T, Vielsmeier V, Landgrebe M, Hajak G, Langguth B. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a new diagnostic and therapeutic tool for tinnitus patients. Int Tinnitus J. 2008; 14(2):112–118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kahlbrock N, Weisz N. Transient reduction of tinnitus intensity is marked by concomitant reductions of delta band power. BMC Biol. 2008;6(1):4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gosepath K, Nafe B, Ziegler E, Mann WJ. Neurofeedback in therapy of tinnitus. HNO. 2001 Jan;49(1):29–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schenk S, Lamm K, Gündel H, Ladwig K. Neurofeedback-based EEG alpha and EEG beta training. Effectiveness in patients with chronically decompensated tinnitus. HNO. 2005 Jan;53(1):29–37.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Goebel G, Hiller W. The tinnitus questionnaire. A standard instrument for grading the degree of tinnitus. Results of a multicenter study with the tinnitus questionnaire. HNO. 1994 Mar;42(3):166–172.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bastiaansen MC, Brunia CH. Anticipatory attention: an event-related desynchronization approach. Int J Psychophysiol. 2001 Dec;43(1):91–107.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of KonstanzConstanceGermany

Personalised recommendations