Tinnitus and Anxiety

Keypoints

  1. 1.

    Individuals with tinnitus often suffer from anxiety.

     
  2. 2.

    Such co-morbid anxiety is associated with increased severity of tinnitus and distress as well as general impairment of quality of life.

     
  3. 3.

    Similar brain areas are involved in the pathogenesis of tinnitus and anxiety disorders indicating a close interrelationship between these two disorders.

     
  4. 4.

    Hyperacusis and phonophobia represent specific problems in a subset of tinnitus patients who require special attention.

     
  5. 5.

    Treatment of concurrent anxiety symptoms in ­tinnitus patients is essential.

     
  6. 6.

    Treatment options include pharmacological (e.g. antidepressants) and psychotherapeutic (e.g. cognitive behavioral therapy, tinnitus-retraining therapy) approaches.

     

Keywords

Anxiety Chronic tinnitus Pharma­cotherapy Psychotherapy 

Abbreviations

CIDI-SF

Composite diagnostic interview

ICD

International classification of diseases

SNRI

Selective serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor

SSRI

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and PsychotherapyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Tinnitus ClinicUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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