Glioma of the Central Nervous System Surveillance Counterpoint: Australia

  • Margot Lehman
  • Michael BartonEmail author
Part of the Current Clinical Oncology book series (CCO)


The median age at diagnosis of primary brain cancers in Australia was 55–59 years for males and 60–64 for females in 1999. Low-grade gliomas have a peak incidence in the fourth decade [1]. For high-grade gliomas the peak incidence occurs in the eighth decade. There were 1,369 people, or 6.8 per 100,000, diagnosed with primary brain cancer in 2004, the latest year for which national figures are available [2, 3]. In comparison, approximately 161 new cases of breast cancer and 64 new cases of colon cancer were diagnosed per 100,000 population that year. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare ranks primary brain cancer as the 14th most common cancer. In the Australian States and Territories, the age-standardized incidence of brain cancer ranged from 6.3 per 100,000 in Western Australia and the Northern Territory to 7.5 per 100,000 in Victoria in 2001 (the most recent year for which State data are available) [4].


Astrocytoma Glioblastoma multiforme Glioma Magnetic resonance imaging Positron emission tomography Pseudo-progression 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princess Alexandra HospitalWoolloongabbo, QLDAustralia
  2. 2.Liverpool Cancer Therapy CentreLiverpool, BCAustralia

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