Getting Started in Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy was first performed by Kelling in 1901 (1), as a method to view the abdomen of a dog. One hundred years later, this technique has gained global popularity and widespread use for many procedures in multiple specialities. The technique made a major advance in the early 1980s with the invention of the television-chip camera, which afforded advantages including a magnified image with a binocular view, easy observation of the procedure by the entire operating room, and the ability of the surgeon to operate with both hands. Soon after this, the first successful laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. This was followed in 1985 by the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, performed by Muhe, for which he received the highest award of the German Surgical Society (2). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy became the procedure to showcase the benefits of laparoscopic surgery: lower morbidity, better cosmesis, shorter hospitalization, and more rapid convalescence. With this, laparoscopy moved into the mainstream of accepted surgical practice for a variety of general surgical disorders.
KeywordsLaparoscopic Cholecystectomy Radical Cystectomy Radical Nephrectomy Laparoscopic Skill Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy
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