Advertisement

Chorea in Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

  • Roongroj Bhidayasiri
  • Daniel Tarsy
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)

Abstract

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease that causes rapidly progressing dementia, myoclonus, ataxia, visual disturbance, extrapyramidal, and pyramidal abnormalities. Approximately 90% of patients display abnormal movements, the most common of which is generalized myoclonus in advanced stages. Several other movement disorders have been described in patients with sporadic, familial, or new variant CJD (vCJD) including dystonia, choreoathetosis, tremor, hemiballismus, and atypical parkinsonian features like those sometimes seen in corticobasal syndromes and progressive supranuclear palsy. The frequency of movement disorders increases with disease duration, but these have also been reported as initial manifestations. Myoclonus develops particularly early in patients with methionine/methionine or methionine/valine at codon 129 of the prion protein gene and with the scrapie variant of prion protein PrPSc type 1.

Keywords

Movement Disorder Prion Protein Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Initial Manifestation Spontaneous Speech 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

The patient is intubated because of respiratory insufficiency. She exhibits generalized chorea, particularly involving both upper extremities, face, and upper trunk.

Hemichorea-hemiballismus.mp4 (MP4 5,168KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Maltete D, Guyant-Marechal L, Mihout B, et al. Movement disorders and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a review. Parkinsonism Relat Dis. 2006;12:65–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brown P, Cathala F, Castaigne P, et al. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: clinical analysis of consecutive series of 230 neuropathologically verified cases. Ann Neurol. 1986;20:597–602.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roongroj Bhidayasiri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Tarsy
    • 3
  1. 1.Chulalongkorn Center of Excellence on Parkinson’s Disease and Related DisordersChulalongkorn University HospitalBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyHarvard Medical School Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations