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Primary Writing Tremor

  • Roongroj Bhidayasiri
  • Daniel Tarsy
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)

Abstract

Primary writing tremor is a relatively selective task-specific and unilateral action tremor which occurs nearly exclusively during the act of writing. In most cases, writing is a specific provocative factor, while in others it is provoked by pronation of the forearm and may therefore appear during other tasks in which a similar forearm posture is adopted. Tasks in which tools are used are often affected but much less severely than writing. It appears to be relatively nonprogressive. It has been thought to be either a variant of essential tremor or a variant of writer’s cramp with prominent dystonic tremor. It is an alternating tremor with a usual frequency of 5–7 Hz.

Keywords

Public Health Internal Medicine Botulinum Toxin Motor Task Essential Tremor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Primary writing tremor.mp4 (MP4 13,149KB)

Examination shows absence of tremor with arms extended or while drinking from a cup. Tremor appears immediately on beginning to write. The brief bursts of tremor which occur during writing are characteristic features of this disorder.

References

  1. 1.
    Bain PG, Findley LJ, Britton TC, et al. Primary writing tremor. Brain. 1995;118:1461–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Elble RJ, Moody C, Higgins C. Primary writing tremor. A form of focal dystonia? Mov Disord. 1990;5:118–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosenbaum F, Jankovic J. Focal task-specific tremor and dystonia: categorization of occupational movement disorders. Neurology. 1988;38:522–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roongroj Bhidayasiri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Tarsy
    • 3
  1. 1.Chulalongkorn Center of Excellence on Parkinson’s Disease and Related DisordersChulalongkorn University HospitalBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyHarvard Medical School Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA

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