Paroxysmal Dyskinesias

  • Bryan Ho
  • Shyamal H. MehtaEmail author
  • Kapil D. Sethi
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)


Paroxysmal dyskinesias are a group of heterogenous disorders that are grouped together because of a common thread of sudden abnormal involuntary movements arising out of a background of normal motor behavior. The abnormal movements can involve chorea, ballism, and dystonia either alone or in any combination [1]. As there is extreme variability in the type of dyskinesia observed, using precise names for the abnormal movements is often inaccurate and unhelpful. Therefore, the term paroxysmal dyskinesia is preferred, with classification according to Demirkiran and Jankovic [2].


Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Episodic Ataxia Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia Autosomal Dominant Fashion Ictal SPECT 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

CASE 1 - Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia (wmv 8,105 KB)

CASE 2 - Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia (wmv 2,298 KB)

CASE 3 - Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia with Hemidystonia (wmv 4,814 KB)

CASE 4 - Nonkinesigenic Dyskinesia PNKD (wmv 1,870 KB)

CASE 5 - Paroxysmal Exertional Dyskinesia (wmv 1,502 KB)

CASE 6 - Secondary Paroxysmal Dyskinesia, due to Multiple Sclerosis (wmv 5,639 KB)

CASE 7 - Secondary Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia, due to Hypoxia (wmv 1,657 KB)

CASE 8 - Secondary Dystonia, secondary to Orthostasis (wmv 1,982 KB)

CASE 9 - Secondary PKD (wmv 542 KB)

CASE 10 - Paroxysmal Kinesigenic segmental spinal myoclonus (wmv 2,930 KB)

CASE 11 - Psychogenic Paroxysmal Dyskinesia (wmv 1,291 KB)

CASE 12 - Psychogenic Paroxysmal Dystonia (wmv 20,106 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New England Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyMedical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA

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