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Small Molecule Inhibitors

  • Xin Chen
  • Jian JinEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Before the biomedical community had had any understanding of the molecular mechanisms that drive tumorigenesis, the discovery of cancer chemotherapy exclusively focused on the development of novel cytotoxic compounds targeting DNA processing and cell division including DNA alkylating and cross-linking agents, antimetabolites, topoisomerase inhibitors, and anti-tubulin agents. Although these drugs can be very efficacious in killing tumor cells, serious side effects accompanied due to the lack of selectivity for tumor cells versus normal cells. The side effects, such as bone marrow suppression and gastrointestinal, cardiac, hepatic, and renal toxicities, significantly limit their use. In addition, drug resistance was frequently observed after initial stabilization or regression of the disease.

Keywords

Targeted cancer therapeutics Small molecule protein kinase inhibitors BCR-ABL inhibitors EGFR inhibitors VEGFR inhibitors Multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors MEK inhibitors PARP inhibitors DNMT inhibitors HDAC inhibitors HSP90 inhibitors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Structural and Chemical Biology, Oncological Sciences, and Pharmacology and Systems TherapeuticsIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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