Introduction to Polysomnography

  • Bashir A. Chaudhary
Part of the Current Clinical Practice book series (CCP)

Abstract

A typical polysomnogram (Current Procedural Terminology code 95810) includes recording of an electroencephalography (EEG), an electro-oculogram (EOG), an electromyogram (EMG) of chin muscles, oronasal airflow, chest and abdominal movements, leg movements, snoring, and oximetry. Following is a discussion of some of the aspects of polysomnography.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A Manual of Standardized Terminology: Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects. (Rechtschaffen A, Kales A, eds.) UCLA Brain Information Service/ Brain Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA, 1968.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carskadon MA, Rechtschaffen A (2000) Monitoring and staging of human sleep. In: Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. 3rd ed. (Kryger M, Roth T, Dement W, eds.) WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 1197–1215.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Keenan SA (1999) Polysomnographic technique: an overview. In: Sleep Disorders Medicine: Basic Science, Technical Consideration, and Clinical Aspects. (Chokroverty S, ed.) 2nd ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, pp. 149–174.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tyner FS, Knott JR, Mayer WB Fundamentals of EEG Technology: volume 1. Basic Concepts and Methods. Raven Press, New York, NY, 1983.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jasper H (1958) The ten twenty electrode system of the International Federation. EEG Clin Neurophysiol 10:371–375.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Radtke RA (1990) Sleep disorders. In: Current Practice of Clinical EEG. 2nd ed. (Daly DD, Pedly TA, eds.) Raven Press, New York, NY, pp. 561–592.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Series F, Marc I(1999) Nasal pressure recording in the diagnosis of sleep apnoea hypopnea syn-drome. Thorax 54:506–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Whyte KF, Gugger M, Gould GA, et al. (1991) Accuracy of respiratory inductive plethysmography in measuring tidal volume during sleep. J Appl Physiol 71:1866–1871.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Santamaria J, Chiappa KH (1987) The EEG of Drowsiness. Demos, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Loube DI, Andrada TF (1999) Comparison of nocturnal respiratory parameters in upper airway resistance and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients. Chest 115:1217–1222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Series F, Marc I (1995) Accuracy of breath-by-breath analysis of flow-volume loop in identifying sleep-induced flow limited breathing cycles in sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome. Clin Sci 88:707–712.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Berg S, Haight JSJ, Yap V, et al. (1997) Comparison of direct and indirect measurements of respira-tory airflow: implications for hypopneas. Sleep 20:60–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gaillard J-M, Blois R (1981) Spindle density in sleep of normal subjects. Sleep 4:385–391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: recommendations for syndrome definition and measure-ment techniques in clinical research; The Report of an American Academy of Sleep Medicine Task Force. (1999) Sleep 22:667–689.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meoli AL, Casey KR, Clark RW, et al. (2001) Hypopnea in sleep-disordered breathing in adults. Sleep 24:469–470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    EEG arousals: scoring rules and examples; a preliminary report from the Sleep Disorders Atlas Task Force of the American Sleep Disorders Association. (1992) Sleep 15:173–184.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Recording and scoring leg movements: the Atlas Task Force. (1993) Sleep 16:748–759.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Butkov N (1996) Atlas of Clinical Polysomnography vol 2. Synapse Media, OR, Ashland, pp. 286–301.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bashir A. Chaudhary
    • 1
  1. 1.Sleep Institute of AugustaMedical College of GeorgiaAugusta

Personalised recommendations