Behavioral Neurology

  • Daniel Tranel
  • Thomas J. GrabowskiJr.


Behavioral neurology encompasses a variety of diseases and disorders of higher brain functions, related to focal or diffuse cortical and subcortical brain disease. “Higher” here refers to the fact that the domain of behavioral neurology covers the most complex and advanced aspects of human cognition and behavior, including functions such as memory, language, problem solving, complex perception, social behavior, planning and decision-making, emotion, and personality. In general, behavioral neurology is concerned with disorders of these functions that occur as a consequence of acquired brain disease in adults who previously were normal. Hence, developmental conditions, psychiatric diseases, and disorders attributable to progressive dementia conditions (see Chapter 6) are not included here. There is considerable overlap, conceptually and practically, between the fields of behavioral neurology, neuropsychiatry, and neuropsychology. In fact, most of the disorders described in this chapter are properly known as neuropsychologic disorders, while some could be referred to as neuropsychiatric disorders. Behavioral neurology, though, remains a useful term, because it conveys accurately the notion that the approach to the patient is from the perspective of neurology, and the diagnosis and management of the patient are couched in the tradition and technology of medicine.


Skin Conductance Response Optic Ataxia Behavioral Neurology Visual Association Cortex Conduction Aphasia 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Tranel
  • Thomas J. GrabowskiJr.

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