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Genome-Wide Association Studies in Muscle Physiology and Disease

  • Luca BelloEmail author
  • Elena Pegoraro
  • Eric P. Hoffman
Chapter
Part of the Methods in Physiology book series (METHPHYS)

Abstract

The Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) is a potent research tool which leverages on large scale genotypization of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in order to identify common variants in the human genome, that are associated with phenotypic traits and disease risks.

Skeletal muscle is a highly adaptable tissue that shows great phenotypic variability both in health and disease. This chapter briefly reviews the history and rationale of GWAS, and its applications both to muscle physiology, i.e. genetic bases of muscle variability in health, and to muscle disease, including risk variants for acquired muscle disorders and common variants that alter the expressivity of rare, Mendelian genetic muscle diseases, also known as genetic modifiers.

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Copyright information

© The American Physiological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences DNSUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical SciencesBinghamton UniversityBinghamtonUSA

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