A Review of Virtual Classroom Environments for Neuropsychological Assessment

  • Thomas D. ParsonsEmail author
  • Albert “Skip” Rizzo
Part of the Virtual Reality Technologies for Health and Clinical Applications book series (VRTHCA)


Differential diagnosis and treatment of neuropsychological disorders require assessments that can differentiate overlapping symptoms. Previous research has most often relied on paper-and-pencil as well as computerized psychometric tests of cognitive functions. Although these approaches provide highly systematic control and delivery of performance challenges, they have also been criticized as limited in the area of ecological validity. A possible answer to the problems of ecological validity in assessment of cognitive functioning in neurological populations is to immerse the participant in a virtual environment. This chapter reviews the potential of various virtual classroom environments that have been developed for neuropsychological assessment.


Virtual reality Virtual classroom Virtual human Neuropsychology Autism Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Brain injury 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computational Neuropsychology and Simulation (CNS) LaboratoryUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Creative TechnologiesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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