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Congenital Heart Disease: Indications, Patient Preparation, and Simple Lesions

  • Rahul H. Rathod
  • Andrew J. PowellEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)

Abstract

Technical advances over the past two decades have greatly expanded the diagnostic role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in pediatric and adult patients with congenital heart disease. The first part of this chapter reviews the indications, patient preparation and monitoring, and sedation strategies for CMR in patients with congenital heart disease. The second part of this chapter details the CMR evaluation of several “simple” congenital heart lesions: atrial septal defects and other interatrial communications, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, partially anomalous pulmonary venous connections, coarctation of the aorta, and vascular rings. Despite being classified as “simple”, many of the conditions in this chapter have important anatomic subtypes and variable physiology. Thus, summaries of the anatomic considerations and clinical management decisions are provided for each lesion.

Keywords

Cardiac magnetic resonance Congenital heart disease Atrial septal defect Ventricular septal defect Patent ductus arteriosus Partially anomalous pulmonary venous connection Coarctation Vascular ring 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CardiologyBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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