Other High-Speed Multihull Craft

  • Liang Yun
  • Alan Bliault
  • Huan Zong Rong


In previous chapters we introduced catamarans of a displacement or semiplaning type with some information on resistance for the planing hull form as used mainly by wave piercers. We explained that, owing to the catamaran demihull’s slender length/beam ratio aimed at reducing wave-making drag, such craft would not operate in the planing region as the Froude number Frl remains below around 0.75, even for high service speed (Table  1.1), so the hydrodynamic lift proportion would not be more than 20% of displacement, even if a hard chine demihull form is used. In this chapter we will discuss other design alternatives for high-speed vessels, including those targeted at speeds above Frl = 1.0.


  1. 1.
    “Cougar 58 f. Catamaran”, High speed surface craft, Dec 1982Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    “Cougar Marine plans attempt on Blue Riband”, High speed surface craft, Mar/Apr 1985Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Su YC, Zhao LA (1991) Experimental investigation and analysis on the hydrodynamic performance of the planing catamaran. In: Proceedings of 5th domestic conference on HPMV, Cheng Du (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sato R, Miyata H (1991) Hydrodynamic design of fast ferries by the concept of super slender twin hull. In: Proceedings of FAST 91, TrondheimGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nogami H, Miyata H, et al (1992) Fast car ferry by super slender hull. In: Proceedings of 2nd international conference on HPMV, Shen ZhenGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Itabashi M , Michida R (2000) Performance of IHI SSTH-70 after delivery and future of SSTH, IHI ReviewGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bliault A, Yun L (2010) High performance marine vessels. Springer, New York, USA, ISBN 978-1-4614-0868-0Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Armstrong NA, Moretti V (2010) The practical design of a 102m trimaran ferry for Taiwan Strait. In: Proceedings, Shanghai HPMV conference, Apr 2010, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pattison DR, Zhang JW (1995) Trimaran ships, transactions RINA, The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, England, vol 137, pp 143–161 ISSN 0035-8967Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Armstrong NA, Holden K. A new generation of large fast ferry – from concept to contract reality. In: Proceedings FAST 2003, AthensGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lu Q et al (1999) Theory and technical features of planing triple hull. In: Proceedings of 8th domestic conference on HPMV, Apr 1999, Yang-Zhou (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Trials programme of M80 starts in California, Fast Ferry International, Mar 2006Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gee N, Dudson E, Marchant A, Steiger H. The pentamaran – a new hull concept for fast freight and car ferry applications. BMT Nigel Gee and Associates, Technical paper 09Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gee N, Gonzalez JM, Dudson E. The Izar pentamaran – tank testing, speed loss & parametric rolling. BMT Nigel Gee Associates, Technical paper 21Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhao LA, Su YC (1991) Investigation on hydrofoil-planing catamaran. In: Proceedings of 5th domestic conference on HPMV, Nov 1991, Cheng Du (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hoppe KGW. Performance evaluation of high speed surface craft with reference to the Huysucat development, Research Report 1990, published in tow pasrts in Fast Ferry International January 1991 and April 1991. Also available on Hysucraft internet siteGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hoppe KGW. Recent applications of hydrofoil supported catamarans, published in Fast Ferry International, September 2011. Also available on Hysucraft internet siteGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hoppe KGW (1995) Optimisation of foil supported catamarans. In: Proceedings FAST 1995, 25–27 Sept 1995Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    The experimental investigation on resistance & seakeeping quality of high speed catamaran, Shiro Matsui, Fast’93, 1993, YokohamaGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pham XP, Kantimahanthi K, Sahoo PK. Wave resistance prediction of hard-chine catamarans through regression analysis. In: 2nd international European conference on high performance marine vehicles (HIPER 2001), Hamburg, pp 382–394Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sahoo PK, Salas M, Schwetz A (2007) Practical evaluation of resistance of high-speed catamaran hull forms—Part I, Ships and offshore structures. Taylor and Francis, 2:4, pp 307–324. Also available by download from University of Tasmania at Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sahoo PK, Mason S, Tuite A (2008) Practical evaluation of resistance of high-speed catamaran hull forms—Part II, Ships and offshore structures. Taylor and Francis, 3:3 pp 239–245. Also available by download from University of Tasmania at Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hoerner SF, Borst HV (1992) Fluid dynamic lift, 2nd edn. Author, USA, ISBN-13: 978-9998831636Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Abbot IH, von Doenhof AE (1959) Theory of wing sections. Dover Publications, USA, ISBN-13: 978-0486605869Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tudem US (2000) New SES technology-without flexible skirts. In: Proceedings of HPMV’2000 China, 19–23 Apr 2000, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sverchkov AV (2010) Krilov shipbuilding research institute, “Application of air cavities on high speed ships in Russia”, paper 11. In: International conference on ship drag reduction (smooth ships), IstanbulGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Yun
    • 1
  • Alan Bliault
    • 2
  • Huan Zong Rong
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Design and Research Institute of ChinaShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Naval ArchitectSolaNorway

Personalised recommendations