Ultrasound-Guided Atlanto-Axial and Atlanto-Occipital Joint Injections

  • Samer N. Narouze


The atlanto-axial joint accounts for up to 16% of patients with occipital headache. In human volunteers, distending the lateral atlanto-axial joint with contrast agent produces occipital pain, and injection of local anesthetic into the joint relieves the headache [1, 2].


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samer N. Narouze
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain MedicineCenter for Pain Medicine, Western Reserve HospitalCuyahoga FallsUSA

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