Ozone Hole pp 13-35 | Cite as

The Ozone Hole

  • S. A. Abbasi
  • Tasneem Abbasi
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


In popular perception ‘ozone hole’ is something similar to a hole in a cloth wherein the hole represents a total absence of the surrounding material. But ‘ozone hole’ doesn’t represent a region of zero ozone concentration in the atmosphere. Rather it represents a region of atmosphere where there is a significant degree of decrease in the concentration of ozone. ‘Thinning of the ozone column’ is a more correct description of the ‘ozone hole’ phenomenon. The word ‘ozone hole’ owes its origin to the satellite images which were taken in the 1970s and 1980s depicting ozone concentration over the Antarctic. Those images were colour-coded to depict regions of low ozone in bright colour. On paper those coloured regions looked like depicting holes (Fig. 2.1). Hence the word ‘ozone hole’. The best example of an ‘ozone hole’ is the ozonosphere over the Antarctic which now has only about 50 % of ozone that was present before the ozone depletion started. As mentioned in the previous chapter, a similarly ‘deep and wide’ hole has been seen in recent years over Arctic as well [1–6].


Ozone Concentration Ozone Depletion Ozone Layer Stratospheric Ozone Methyl Bromide 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Abbasi
    • 1
  • Tasneem Abbasi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Pollution Control & Environmental EngineeringPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of Fire Protection EngineeringWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA

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