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Overview of Normal Sleep

Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, a brief overview of normal sleep is given for a clearer understanding of subsequent chapters dealing with basic science, technical considerations, and clinical aspects. After a short historical perspective of sleep and sleep medicine, the chapter succinctly summarizes the definition of sleep, sleep architecture, the ontogeny and phylogeny of sleep, sleep habits and need, dreams, circadian sleep–wake rhythm, chronobiology, cytokines, immune system and sleep factors, and ending with theories of the functions of sleep.

Keywords

Sleep architecture Ontogeny Phylogeny Circadian rhythm Cytokines The glymphatic system 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Graduate Medical EducationSeton Hall UniversitySouth OrangeUSA
  2. 2.JFK New Jersey Neuroscience InstituteEdisonUSA
  3. 3.Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolNew BrunswickUSA

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