Understanding the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance for Marine Mammals
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Loud anthropogenic underwater noise, such as that associated with sonar operations, pile driving, or seismic surveys, can cause behavioral and physiological disturbance to many animals that may affect their survival or ability to breed. However, no formal framework for assessing the population-level consequences of this disturbance is currently available. We describe an interim version of a framework developed by a working group on the population consequences of disturbance, funded by the US Office of Naval Research through the University of California, that can be used to assess the effects of offshore renewable energy developments on marine mammal populations.
KeywordsRenewable energy Noise
Work on the development of the interim population consequences of disturbance protocol was supported by contracts to Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU) Marine from The Crown Estate, Marine Scotland, the Department for Energy and Climate Change, and the Natural Environment Research Council. The work benefited greatly from discussions with participants in a working group supported by Office of Naval Research Grants N00014-09-1-0896 to the University of California, Santa Barbara and N00014-12-1-0274 to the University of California, Davis.
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