Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on the Early Life Stages of Dicentrarchus labrax

  • Elisabeth Debusschere
  • Bert De Coensel
  • Sofie Vandendriessche
  • Dick Botteldooren
  • Kris Hostens
  • Magda Vincx
  • Steven Degraer
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 875)

Abstract

Anthropogenically generated underwater noise in the marine environment is ubiquitous, comprising both intense impulse and continuous noise. The installation of offshore wind farms across the North Sea has triggered a range of ecological questions regarding the impact of anthropogenically produced underwater noise on marine wildlife. Our interest is on the impact on the “passive drifters,” i.e., the early life stages of fish that form the basis of fish populations and are an important prey for pelagic predators. This study deals with the impact of pile driving and operational noise generated at offshore wind farms on Dicentrarchus labrax (sea bass) larvae.

Keywords

Dicentrarchus labrax Pile driving Continuous noise Offshore wind farms 

References

  1. Bolle LJ, de Jong CAF, Bierman SM, van Beek PJG, van Keeken OA, Wessles PW, van Damme CJG, Winter HV, de Haan D, Dekeling RPA (2012) Common sole larvae survive high levels of pile-driving sound in controlled exposure experiments. PLoS ONE 7:e33052. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033052 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolle LJ, Dickey-Collas M, Erftemeijer PLA, van Beek JKL, Jansen HM, Asjes J, Rijnsdorp AD, Los HJ (2005) Transport of fish larvae in the southern North Sea. Impacts of Maasvlakte 2 on the Wadden Sea and North Sea coastal zone. Track 1: detailed modelling research. Part IV: fish larvae. Baseline study MEP Maasvlakte 2. Lot 3b: fish larvae. RIVO report C072/05 prepared for the Port of Rotterdam and National Institute for Coastal and Marine Management by the Netherlands Institute for Fisheries Research (RIVO), YmuidenGoogle Scholar
  3. Bos OG, Leopold MF, Bolle LJ (2009) Passende beoordeling windparken: Effecten van heien op vislarven, vogels en zeezoogdieren. Report C079/09, IMARES Wageningen UR, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  4. Casper BM, Popper AN, Matthews F, Carlson TJ, Halvorsen MB (2012) Recovery of barotrauma injuries in chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from exposure to pile driving sound. PLoS ONE 7:e39593. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039593 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Halvorsen MB, Casper BM, Woodley CM, Carlson TJ, Popper AN (2012) Threshold for onset of injury in chinook salmon from exposure to impulsive pile driving sounds. PLoS ONE 7:e38968. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038968 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Hastings MC, Popper AN (2005) Effects of sound on fish. Technical Report for Jones and Stokes to the California Department of Transportation, SacramentoGoogle Scholar
  7. Mueller-Blenkle C, McGregor PK, Gill AB, Andersson MH, Metcalfe J, Bendall V, Sigray P, Wood DT, Thomsen F (2010) Effects of pile-driving noise on the behaviour of marine fish. COWRIE Reference Fish 06-08, Technical report 31 March 2010, Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment Limited, LowesoftGoogle Scholar
  8. Norro A, Haelters J, Rumes B, Degraer S (2010) Underwater noise produced by the piling activities during the construction of the Belwind offshore wind farm (Bligh Bank, Belgian marine waters). In: Degraer S, Brabant R, Rumes B (eds) Offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: early environmental impact assessment and spatio-temporal variability. Marine Ecosystem Management Unit, Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical Models, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  9. Norro A, Rumes B, Degraer S (2011) Offshore wind energy development in the Belgian part of the North Sea and anticipated impacts: an update. In: Degraer S, Brabant R, Rumes B (eds) Offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: selected findings from the baseline and targeted monitoring. Marine Ecosystem Management Unit, Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical Models, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  10. Norro AJM, Rumes B, Degraer SJ (2013). Differentiating between underwater construction noise of monopile and jacket foundations for offshore windmills: a case study from the Belgian part of the North Sea. The Sci World J article ID 897624, 7 pages. doi:10.1155/2013/897624
  11. Pickett GD, Pawson MG (1994) Sea bass. Biology, exploitation and conservation, 1st edn. Chapman and Hall, SuffolkGoogle Scholar
  12. Popper AN, Hastings MC (2009) The effects of anthropogenic sources of sound on fishes. J Fish Biol 75:455–489CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Prins TC, van Beek JKL, Bolle LJ (2009) Modelschatting van de effecten van heien voor offshore windmolenparken op de aanvoer van vislarven naar Natura 2000. Deltares Report Z4832, Deltares, DelftGoogle Scholar
  14. Thomsen F, Lüdemann K, Kafemann R, Piper W (2006) Effects of offshore wind farm noise on marine mammals and fish. Biola, Hamburg, Germany, on behalf of Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment (COWRIE) LtdGoogle Scholar
  15. van der Graaf AJ, Ainslie MA, André M, Brensing K, Dalen J, Dekeling RPA, Robinson S, Tasker ML, Thomsen F, Werner S (2012) European marine strategy framework directive good environmental status (MSFD GES). Report of the technical subgroup on underwater noise and other forms of energy, 27 February 2012. Available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/pdf/MSFD_reportTSG_Noise.pdf
  16. Vigin L, Devolder M, Scory S (2013) Kaart van het gebruik van de Belgische zeegebieden – Carte de l’usage des espaces marins belges. Uitgave/Edition: 07/2013Google Scholar
  17. Wahlberg M, Westerberg H (2005) Hearing in fish and their reactions to sounds from offshore wind farms. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 288:295–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zouiten D, Ben Khemis I, Masmoudi AS, Huelvan C, Cahu C (2011) Comparison of growth, digestive system maturation and skeletal development in sea bass larvae reared in an intensive or a mesocosm system. Aquacult Res 42:1723–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Debusschere
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bert De Coensel
    • 3
  • Sofie Vandendriessche
    • 1
  • Dick Botteldooren
    • 3
  • Kris Hostens
    • 1
  • Magda Vincx
    • 2
  • Steven Degraer
    • 4
  1. 1.Bio-Environmental Research Group, Animal Sciences, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries ResearchOostendeBelgium
  2. 2.Marine Biology Section, Biology DepartmentUniversity of GhentGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Information TechnologyResearch Group Acoustics, University of GhentGhentBelgium
  4. 4.Management Unit of North Sea Mathematical Models (MUMM), Royal Belgian Institute of Natural SciencesBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations