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Nutrition and Bone Health in Space

Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

The effect of weightlessness on the human skeletal system is one of the greatest concerns in safely extending space missions. The ability to understand and counteract weightlessness-induced bone mineral loss will be vital to crew health and safety during and after extended-duration space station and exploration missions. Research on bone mineral loss during space flight has gone on for more than half a century, and recent studies have shown significant progress in developing countermeasures that have proved to be effective, including good nutrition and exercise. We review the history of this research here and provide a summary of recent and ongoing studies, including efforts to counteract bone and calcium loss resulting from weightlessness.

Keywords

Microgravity Space flight Weightlessness Calcium Vitamin D Protein Omega-3 fatty acids Iron Vitamin K 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Human Health and Performance DirectorateNASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Nutrition PhysiologyUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  3. 3.Division of Space Life SciencesUniversities Space Research AssociationHoustonUSA

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