Dedicated Clock/Timing-Circuit Theories of Time Perception and Timed Performance

  • Hedderik van Rijn
  • Bon-Mi Gu
  • Warren H. MeckEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 829)


Scalar Timing Theory (an information-processing version of Scalar Expectancy Theory) and its evolution into the neurobiologically plausible Striatal Beat-Frequency (SBF) theory of interval timing are reviewed. These pacemaker/accumulator or oscillation/coincidence detection models are then integrated with the Adaptive Control of Thought-Rational (ACT-R) cognitive architecture as dedicated timing modules that are able to make use of the memory and decision-making mechanisms contained in ACT-R. The different predictions made by the incorporation of these timing modules into ACT-R are discussed as well as the potential limitations. Novel implementations of the original SBF model that allow it to be incorporated into ACT-R in a more fundamental fashion than the earlier simulations of Scalar Timing Theory are also considered in conjunction with the proposed properties and neural correlates of the “internal clock”.


Interval timing Scalar timing theory Striatal beat-frequency theory Adaptive control of thought-rational cognitive architecture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hedderik van Rijn
    • 1
  • Bon-Mi Gu
    • 2
  • Warren H. Meck
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenNetherlands
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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