The Use of Simulation Training in Preparation for Neonatal and Infant Airway Emergencies

  • Megan GrayEmail author
  • Heather M. French


Airway management of the neonate and infant is an important part of standard delivery room and intensive care. As such, all pediatric providers working with this population need training and maintenance of proficiency in airway management skills to maximize care and minimize risk to these patients. Airway training programs require creative methods for teaching and maintaining these skills as practicing on actual patients poses significant safety risks. Alternative options for airway instruction include manikins, cadavers, animals, and virtual trainers. In addition to procedural training with airway models, effective training programs incorporate comprehensive clinical scenarios, team-based learning, nontechnical skills, and structured debriefings. Advanced programs also provide instruction on the management of infants with difficult and critical airways including alternative airways, oral and nasal intubation, and airway code drills.


Neonate Simulation Education Infant Training Teamwork Intubation Bag Mask Ventilation Debriefing Teaching Critical airway Nontechnical skills Crisis resource management 



After action review


Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education


Anesthesia nontechnical skills


Bag mask ventilation


Computed tomography


Direct laryngoscopy


Ear nose throat


Ex utero intrapartum treatment


Intensive care unit


Laryngeal mask airway


Neonatal intensive care unit




Neonatal resuscitation protocol




Operating room


Positive pressure ventilation


Simulation-based mastery learning


Tracheal intubation associated events

Supplementary material

Gray Video 30.1 (MOV 98,593 KB)

Gray Video 30.2 (MOV 48,748 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neonatology, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaThe Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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