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Financial Decision Making Across Adulthood

  • Gregory R. Samanez-LarkinEmail author
  • Todd A. Hagen
  • Daniel J. Weiner
Chapter

Abstract

Choices about money have serious consequences both for individuals and society, as reckless spending by young adults and financial scamming of the elderly all too clearly demonstrate. Recent evidence from psychology and neuroscience suggests that financial decision making capacity may peak at middle age, with unique vulnerabilities manifesting early and late in life. In this chapter, we review age differences in performance on a series of financial decision making tasks, including those involving monetary gain and loss, learning and risk, and intertemporal choice. Taken together, the evidence suggests that older adults do well when making decisions that rely on accumulated life experience and perform suboptimally in uncertain and novel environments that require fluid learning. Brain imaging reveals declines in frontostriatal function in the elderly that may explain the observed challenges on these dynamic behavioral decision tasks. In an effort to translate these findings from the lab to society, a small and growing literature has identified real-world financial decision correlates of performance on laboratory tasks. Such studies hold enormous promise for developing tools that can identify individuals at greater risk for poor financial decision making.

Keywords

Diffusion Tensor Imaging Risk Preference Ventral Striatum Credit Score Monetary Gain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

G.R.S.L. is supported by a Pathway to Independence Award (AG042596) from the National Institute on Aging. Portions of this chapter were adapted from: Samanez-Larkin, G.R. (2013) Financial Decision Making and the Aging Brain. Observer 26 (5), 30–33 and Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Knutson, B. (2014) Reward processing and risky decision making in the aging brain. In V. Reyna & V. Zayas (Eds.) The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Todd A. Hagen
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Weiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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