The Epidemiology of Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies
AIDS-defining malignancies are those which are included in the case definition of AIDS, namely Kaposi Sarcoma, non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, and cervical cancer. Non-AIDS-defining malignancies are those other malignancies whose incidence is increased in individuals with HIV infection. In some instances, the term can also refer to any malignancy occurring in an individual with HIV infection. More recently, as the incidence of AIDS has declined in people with access to anti-retroviral therapy, the term “HIV-associated malignancy” has become more widely used to describe the same group of malignancies.
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