History, Classification, and Taxonomy of Viruses in the Family Bunyaviridae

  • Charles H. Calisher
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


Viruses in the family Bunyaviridae are found worldwide. Most are arboviruses (arthropod-borne animal viruses), maintained in nature by a biological (propagative) transmission cycle between susceptible vertebrate hosts and hematophagous arthropods, such as mosquitoes, biting flies, and ticks. Vertebrate hosts of these viruses include rodents and other small mammals, primates, birds, and ungulates. Arboviruses usually occur in silent, sylvatic transmission cycles; however, more than 60 members of the family Bunyaviridae have been reported to cause disease in humans or livestock and some cause disease in sea birds or plants (Table I).


None None Rift Valley Fever Rift Valley Fever Virus Nephropathia Epidemica Family BUNYAVIRIDAE 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles H. Calisher
    • 1
  1. 1.Arthropod-borne Infectious Diseases LaboratoryColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

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