Equilibrium Cosmology

  • Toivo Jaakkola


In equilibrium cosmology (EC), the Universe neither expands nor changes globally in other respects, i.e., it is in equilibrium. Theoretically, EC is based on the (empirically supported) strong (“perfect”) cosmological principle (CP) and—as a consequence of the CP—electrogravitational coupling (EGC). The essence of and arguments for the EGC are summarized. EC divides into three fields: radiation and gravitation, connected via EGC, and research into equilibrium evolutionary processes (EEP), which in the CP-universe, ensure the properties of matter are unchanging, even though all individual systems evolve. The foundations and construction of EC are simple and coherent, and the CP-property makes it extremely sensitive to the empirical tests.


Cosmic Background Radiation Baryonic Matter Cosmic Evolution Cosmological Principle Radiation Energy Density 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toivo Jaakkola
    • 1
  1. 1.Tuorla ObservatoryUniversity of TurkuPiikkiöFinland

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