A Primate Model of Phobic Fears

Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


The use of animal models in clinical psychology and psychiatry has a long and mixed history. There were early proposals by Watson and Rayner (1920) and by Pavlov (1927) that classical conditioning plays a prominent role in the origins of a variety of so-called neurotic disturbances. These were soon followed by numerous demonstrations of “experimental neurosis” in which disturbed behavior was induced in a range of different species through exposure to a wide range of somewhat aberrant conditioning procedures. Research on this topic was performed in a number of well-known laboratories, including those of Pavlov, Liddell, Masserman, N. R. F. Maier, and Wolpe (see Broadhurst, 1960, 1973; Mineka & Kihlstrom, 1978, for reviews).


Unconditioned Stimulus Primate Model Behavioral Avoidance Model Observer Disturbance Behavior 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TexasUSA

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