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Excitation and Ionization in Atomic Collisions

  • Rainer Hippler
Chapter
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)

Abstract

The encounter of an energetic atomic particle with an atom may result in a number of different effects, which may be classified as elastic, inelastic, superelastic, and radiative.(1) In elastic collisions no energy transfer takes place between the kinetic energy of the projectile and the internal energy of either target or projectile. In contrast, in inelastic collisions the projectile transfers part of its kinetic energy into internal energy of one or both collision partners, thereby exciting or ionizing one or more (bound) electrons. Superelastic collisions can occur when, for example, the target atom is in an excited state prior to the collision. Then it is possible that the internal energy is transferred into kinetic energy. Finally, we mention radiative collisions, for example, free-free transitions, where the projectile interacts with the electromagnetic field during the collision, thereby emitting (bremsstrahlung) or absorbing (inverse bremsstrahlung) photons from the field.

Keywords

Total Cross Section Incident Energy Capture Cross Section Atomic Collision Dielectronic Recombination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Hippler
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für PhysikUniversität BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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