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New Type Screw Compressor for Helium Refrigerators and Liquefiers

  • M. Ishizuka
  • H. Yonemitsu
  • N. Ino
  • K. Kasahara
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 21)

Abstract

With the development of large-scale refrigerators and liquefiers, turbine expanders are replacing reciprocating expanders and at the same time their reliability has improved significantly [1]. As for compressors, though, reliability problems still remain. At present, large refrigerators and liquefiers rely mainly on reciprocating compressors [2], although inherent problems, like noise, vibration, overheating, wear, etc., still need additional research. In view of these difficulties with the reciprocating type of compressors, development has begun on a screw-type compressor for helium refrigerators and liquefiers; a similar project is under way at British Oxygen [3]. The screw compressor, developed first by Swedish Svenska Rotor Maskiner in the early thirties, was an oil-free type unit. In 1958, it was modified into an oil injection type [4] and is now widely used for Freon refrigerators.

Keywords

Screw Compressor Volumetric Efficiency Union Carbide Corporation Reciprocating Compressor Helium Refrigerator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    J. Takada, Refrigeration 49:194 (1974) (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Kikuchi, Cryogenic Eng. 7:165 (1972) (in Japanese).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. L. Smith, Jr. and T. A. Keim, Superconducting Machines and Devices, Large Systems Applications, NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series (S. Foner and B. B. Schwarz, eds.), Plenum Press, New York (1974), p. 328.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. D. Laing, “The Place of the Screw Compressor in Refrigeration,” presented at the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, Grimsby, England, March 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Yanai, Cryogenic Eng. 7:173 (1972) (in Japanese).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Kasahara, Refrigeration 48:1097 (1973) (in Japanese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ishizuka
    • 1
  • H. Yonemitsu
    • 1
  • N. Ino
    • 2
  • K. Kasahara
    • 2
  1. 1.Suzuki Shokan Company Ltd.TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Mayekawa Manufacturing Company Ltd.TokyoJapan

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