Pathological Aspects of Brain Transport Phenomena

  • Maria Spatz
  • Igor Klatzo
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 69)


Historically the extravasation of dye compounds such as Evans blue and fluorescein as dye albumin complexes into the brain have been the oldest acceptable indicators of blood brain barrier (BBB) injury11, 12, 35. Subsequently, among radiolabeled substances3, labeled albumin has been most commonly used for the quantitative, besides the qualitative, evaluation of BBB permeability to albumin in pathological conditions35, 49. More recently, fluorescein labeled serum protein30 and horseradish peroxidase48 (MW 40,000) have been introduced as tracers for the functional assessment of BBB status under various circumstances. All of these substances have a common denominator of enabling the investigation of one of the many probable parameters of BBB permeability; namely, the passage of proteins across the membrane barrier. Another dimension was added in clarifying the selective vulnerability BBB when altered brain uptake of nutrients was demonstrated in the experimentally damaged BBB55–57. However, for years elaborate quantitative investigations of brain transport phenomenon in disease have been limited due to lack of suitable methods for such a study.


Blood Brain Barrier Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebral Ischemia Brain Uptake Mongolian Gerbil 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Spatz
    • 1
  • Igor Klatzo
    • 1
  1. 1.NINCDS, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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