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Dietary Fiber and Obesity

A Review
  • R. Ali
  • H. Staub
  • G. A. Leveille
  • P. C. Boyle
Part of the GWUMC Department of Biochemistry Annual Spring Symposia book series (GWUN)

Abstract

Burkitt and Trowell (1975) extended their hypothesis concerning the health attributes of dietary fiber to include its role in the development of obesity. Others have discussed the relationship of dietary fiber intake to obesity and suggested a variety of mechanisms (Southgate, 1978; Cleave, 1977; Heaton, 1973, 1979; Van Itallie, 1978). Fiber, with its low caloric availability and capacity to bind water, offers considerable opportunity for caloric dilution of foods, while its gut-filling properties and the chewing required during ingestion may trigger components of the satiety mechanism. Fiber has been proposed as an obstacle to energy intake by Heaton (1973) and as related to insulin balance by Albrink (1978), who maintained that low-fiber diets could lead to insulin resistance and obesity in susceptible individuals. No matter what the mechanism is, recent results support the notion that increased dietary fiber intake can aid in the control and management of dietary obesity. Providing bulk without high caloric density may well prevent excessive energy intake.

Keywords

Wheat Bran Serum Insulin Test Meal Acid Detergent Fiber Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Ali
    • 1
  • H. Staub
    • 2
  • G. A. Leveille
    • 2
  • P. C. Boyle
    • 2
  1. 1.Nutritional Research and DevelopmentBristol-Myers International DivisionNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and Health SciencesGeneral Foods Technical CenterTarrytownUSA

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