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Nodaviruses of Insects

  • L. Andrew Ball
  • Kyle L. Johnson
Chapter
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Abstract

The study of nodaviruses began with the isolation of nodamura virus (NOV) from mosquitoes in 1956 (Scherer and Hurlbut, 1967; Scherer et al., 1968). The virus drew immediate attention because it uniquely combined the biological property of arthropod transmission to vertebrates with the physical property of resistance to lipid solvents, a characteristic that is now known to indicate the absence of a viral envelope. Molecular studies established that NOV was also unique in its genome structure: two molecules of single-stranded, positive-sense RNA copackaged in spherical virus particles (Fig. 1) (Newman and Brown, 1973, 1977; Clewley et al., 1982). Despite this combination of unusual features, however, the lack of a convenient cell culture system for growing NOV and the absence of antibodies to the virus in human sera, which suggested that it was not naturally transmitted to man, diverted most investigators to more pressing and tractable systems.

Keywords

BHK21 Cell Japanese Encephalitis Drosophila Cell Japanese Encephalitis Virus Positive Strand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Andrew Ball
    • 1
  • Kyle L. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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