Dolphin Detection and Conceptualization of Symmetry
Most of the papers presented in this volume are related to such topics as sensory anatomy and physiology, echolocation, psychophysics of sensory systems, and vocalization and acoustical communication in aquatic mammals. All of them provide useful information on the way in which these animals process information. The aim of this contribution is to extend this approach by presenting additional data about a slightly more psychological phenomenon: the conceptualization of information. In the first section we will examine the special status of symmetry in pattern recognition, followed by a review of symmetry studies in other animals. Finally, the third and fourth sections are devoted to abstract concepts in dolphins and to the question of whether dolphins can detect and conceptualize symmetry.
KeywordsStimulus Pair Bottlenosed Dolphin Generalization Test Training Pair Prey Detection
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Herman, L., Hovancik, J. R., Gory, J. D., and Bradshaw, G. L., 1989, Generalization of visual matching by a bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): Evidence for invariance of cognitive performance with visual or auditory materials. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 15:124–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hunter, G. A., 1988, Visual delayed matching of two-dimensional forms by a bottlenosed dolphin. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.Google Scholar
- Mach, E., 1897/1959, “Analysis of the Sensations and the Relations of the Physical to the Psychical.” Dover Books, New York.Google Scholar
- Roitblat, H. L., and von Fersen, L., 1992, Comparative cognition: Representations and Processes in Learning and Memory. Annual Review of Psychology. Google Scholar
- Rosch, E., 1978, Principles of categorization, in: “Cognition and Categorization”, pp. 27–48, E. Rosch and B. B. Lloyd (eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar