Advertisement

Phylogenetically Ancient Pattern in Ontogenesis of Limb Muscles

  • Radomír Čihák
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 205)

Abstract

From the beginning of this century when Lewis (1901/02, 1910), Bardeen and Lewis (1901) and Bardeen (1906/07) published their impressive illustrations of embryonal muscles, obtained by plastic reconstructions from serial sections and when Gräfenberg (1905/06) brought the descriptions of stages of muscle development, it has generally been accepted that limb muscles undergo a “direct” or a “straight up” differentiation in their ontogenesis. This means that every one muscle primordium separates from the larger blas-tema, i.e. from the premuscular mass for flexors or extensors, already in its form and position corresponding to the definitive muscle.

Keywords

Ulnar Nerve Radial Nerve Human Hand Comparative Anatomy Pectoralis Major Muscle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bardeen, Ch. R.: Development and variations of the nerves and musculature, etc. Amer. J. Anat. 6, 259–390, 1906/07.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bardeen, Ch. R. and Lewis, W.H.: Development of the limbs, body wall and back in man. Amer. J. Anat. 1, 1–35, 1901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Čihák, R.: Musculus pectoralis major und seine Komponenten in der Ontogenese des Menschen. Čs. Morfologie 7, 174–191, 1959.Google Scholar
  4. Čihák, R.: The development of the dorsalinterossei in the human hand. Čs. Morfologie 8, 183–194, 1963Google Scholar
  5. Čihák, R.: Contribution à l’ontogénèse des muscles “contrahentes” de la main humaine. C.R.Ass. Anat. 1968, 141, 704–712, 1968.Google Scholar
  6. Čihák, R.: Ontogenesis of the Skeleton and Intrinsic Muscles of the Human hand and foot. Ergebn. d. Anat. u. Entw. Gesch. Bd. 46, Heft 1, 1–194, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. Čihák, R., Eiselt, B.: Proposition for replacement of the paralyzed deltoid by parts of the m. pectoralis major. Acta Univ. Carol. Med. 8, 367–381, 1962.Google Scholar
  8. Čihák, R., Popelka, S.: Partial defects of the pectoralis major muscle. Acta Chir.orthop. traumat Čs. 28, 185–194, 1961.Google Scholar
  9. Dylevský, I.: Contribution to the ontogenesis of the m.flexor digit. superficialis et profundus. Folia Morphol (Praha) 15, 330–335, 1967.Google Scholar
  10. Dylevský, I.: Tendons of the m.flexor digitorum superf. et profundus in the ontogenesis of the human hand. Folia Morphol (Praha) 16, 124–130,1968.Google Scholar
  11. Grim, M.: Ultrastructure of the Ulnar Portion of the Contrahent muscle layer in the Embryonic Human Hand. Folia Morphol.(Praha) 20,113–115,1972.Google Scholar
  12. Grim, M.: Ergebn. Anat. Etw.-Gesch. 46, 1–194, 1972.Google Scholar
  13. Kaneff, A, Čihák, R.: Die Umbildung des M.ext. digit. later. in der Phylo-genese und in der menschlichen Ontogenese. Acta Anat. (Basel) 77, 583–604, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lewis, W. H.: The development of the arm in man. Amer. J. Anat. 1, 145–184, 1901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lewis, W. H.: Die Entwicklung des Muskelsystems; in Keibel - Mall, Hdb. d. Entw.-Gesch. des Menschen. Leipzig, S. Hirzel, 1910.Google Scholar
  16. Mrázková, O.: Blood Vessel Ontogeny in Upper Extremity of Man, etc. Acta Univ. Carol. Medica, Monographia CXV, 1986/87.Google Scholar
  17. O’Rahilly, R. and Gardner, E.: The Timing and Sequence of Events in the Development of the Limbs in the Human Embryo. Anat. Embryol, 148, 1–23, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ribbing, L.: Die Muskeln und Nerven der Extremitäten, in Bolk, Göppert, Kallius, Lubosch: Hdb. d. vergl. Anat. d. Wirbeltiere, Berlin, Wien, Urban u. Schwarzenberg, 1938.Google Scholar
  19. Štěrba, O.: Pectoral muscles of some Insectivores. Zool listy 17, 149–156, 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radomír Čihák
    • 1
  1. 1.Charles University First Medical FacultyPragueCzechoslovakia

Personalised recommendations