Bromoperoxidases: Their Role in the Formation of HOBr and Bromoform by Seaweeds

  • R. Wever
  • M. G. M. Tromp
  • J. W. P. M. van Schijndel
  • E. Vollenbroek
  • R. L. Olsen
  • E. Fogelqvist


The biogenic release of halogenated volatile organics from the ocean by natural sources and the biochemical pathways which lead to the production of these substances are not well understood. In this chapter, some of the marine sources are discussed and results are presented and reviewed on the role of vanadium bromoperoxidases from seaweeds in the formation of halomethanes. Further, it will be shown that most of the predominant seaweed species from the North Atlantic, which are also present in the Arctic Ocean, contain bromoperoxidases. In contrast, in members of the Desmarestiales collected in the Weddell Sea (Antarctic) which provide the bulk of the biomass of benthic seaweeds in the Antarctic waters, no bromoperoxidase activity could be detected. The distribu;tion of seaweeds with bromoperoxidase activity is correlated with the seawater concentration of bromoform.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Wever
    • 1
  • M. G. M. Tromp
    • 1
  • J. W. P. M. van Schijndel
    • 1
  • E. Vollenbroek
    • 1
  • R. L. Olsen
    • 2
  • E. Fogelqvist
    • 3
  1. 1.E.C. Slater Institute for Biochemical Research and Biotechnological CentreAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and AquacultureTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Oceanographic LaboratorySwedish Meteorological and Hydrological InstituteGöteborgSweden

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