The economics of primary packaging

  • Frank A. Paine
  • Heather Y. Paine


In the process of selecting the primary packaging for a particular product four basic questions must be answered:
  1. (a)

    What must the packaging achieve?

  2. (b)

    What types of packaging are available?

  3. (c)

    What are the pros and cons of the available packaging in terms of our desired achievement?

  4. (d)

    What is the resulting cost of using a particular packaging in relation to the packaging operation and the physical distribution system which will be employed to get the product to the ultimate user?



Glass Container Injection Moulding Food Packaging Price Unit Machine Direction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    F.A. Paine, Guidelines for Cost Effective Packaging, Notes for Dept. of Industry and Bristol Polytechnic Low Cost Automation Centre Course (1979).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. Koppelmann, On the cost structure when using packaging, Verpackung Rundschau, 25(5) (1974), 416–418.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.G. Osborne, Economics of the primary pack—glass containers, paper presented at Institute of Packaging Course on Food Packaging (1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Glass Manufacturers’ Federation study: we are indebted to Mr. D.G. Osborne of Rockware Glass Ltd for the data presented here, and to the GMF.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Based on a presentation by Mr. G.F. Norman of the Metal Box Co. Ltd.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D.W. Price, in The Packaging Media, F.A. Paine (ed.), Blackie, Glasgow (1977), pp. 2.13–2.51.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Contribution from Mr. Allen Jones, consultant.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.J. Hine, papers on several Pira courses.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Data in this section from Finnboard, visual aid presentation.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Data in this section by courtesy of Mr. A.H. Pickford, Metal Box Co. Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank A. Paine
    • 1
    • 2
  • Heather Y. Paine
  1. 1.International Association of Packaging Research InstitutesBelgium
  2. 2.School of PackagingMichigan State UniversityUSA

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