Seed Enhancements

  • Lawrence O. Copeland
  • Miller B. McDonald


Seeds have evolved over time to respond to a variety of environments. As a result, these adaptations generally result in satisfactory performance throughout a wide range of environments. Seed enhancement technology has a central objective to further improve seed performance under very specific regimes and with certain planting equipment. Various techniques have been employed to assure this superior performance and most have found commercial application. This chapter considers three of these seed enhancements: seed hydration, biological seed treatments, and seed coatings. While not a direct manipulation of a zygotic seed, another approach to improving seed performance that will be considered in this chapter has been the propagation of somatic embryos that are then coated and marketed as synthetic seeds.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Fluid Drilling Synthetic Seed Seed Priming 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence O. Copeland
    • 1
  • Miller B. McDonald
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop & Soil SciencesMichigan State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Horticulture & Crop ScienceOhio State UniversityUSA

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