Small Firm Dynamics: Evidence from Africa and Latin America

  • Carl Liedholm


This paper investigates the determinants of survival and growth among small and very small enterprises in Africa and Latin America. Location is found to be an important factor. Firms located in urban and commercial areas are more likely to survive during a given year than those located in rural areas or those being operated out of home. Urban and commercial location is also associated with faster growth, as measured by the number of employees hired in a given year. Studies are also cited to show that human capital matters, especially when it is in the form of vocational training or prior business experience.


Human Capital Employment Growth Dominican Republic Closure Rate Small Enterprise 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Liedholm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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