NEO-PI-R Data from 36 Cultures

Further Intercultural Comparisons
  • Robert R. McCrae

Abstract

This chapter presents reanalyses of data originally reported in McCrae (2001) in an enlarged sample of cultures. Analyses of age and gender differences, the generalizability of culture profiles across gender and age groups, and culture-level factor structure and correlates are replicated after the addition of 30 new subsamples from 10 cultures. Cross-cultural variations in the standard deviations of NEO-PI-R scales are also examined. Standardized factor- and facet-level means are provided for use by other researchers.

Keywords

Personality traits cultures variance factor structure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Angleitner, A., & Ostendorf, F. (2000, July). The FFM: A comparison of German speaking countries (Austria, Former East and West Germany, and Switzerland). Paper presented at the XXVIIth International Congress of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.Google Scholar
  2. Barrett, P., & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1984). The assessment of personality factors across 25 countries. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 615–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cassaretto, M. (1999). Adaptacion del Inventario de personalidad NEO Revisado (NEO-PI-R) Forma S en un grupo de estudiantes universitarios. Unpublished thesis, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Lima.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, M. C. (1996). Psychosocial correlates of prosocial behavior among college students in Taiwan. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Loyola College in Maryland.Google Scholar
  5. Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2000). Assessing extreme and acquiescence response sets in cross-cultural research using structural equations modeling. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, 187–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Church, A. T., & Katigbak, M.S. (2000). Trait psychology in the Philippines. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 73–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Church, A. T., & Katigbak, M. S. (2002). The Five-Factor Model in the Philippines: Investigating trait structure and levels across cultures. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 129–154). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chinese Culture Connection. (1987). Chinese values and the search for culture-free dimensions of culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 18; 143–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  10. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (2002). Looking backward: Changes in the mean levels of personality traits from 80 to 12. In D. Cervone & W. Mischel (Eds.), Advances in personality science (pp. 219–237). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  11. Costa, P. T., Jr., Terracciano, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: Robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 322–331.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gülgöz, S. (2002). Five-Factor Theory and the NEO-PI-R in Turkey. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 175–196). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Haven, S., & ten Berge, J. M. F. (1977). Tucker’s coefficient of congruence as a measure of factorial invariance: An empirical study (Heymans Bulletin 290 EX): University of Groningen.Google Scholar
  14. Hoekstra, H. A., Ormel, J., & De Fruyt, F. (1996). Handleiding NEO Persoonlijkheids-vragenlijsten NEO-PI-R en NEO-FFI [Manual for NEO Personality Inventories NEO-PI-R and NEO-FFI]. Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar
  15. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd. ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  16. Horn, J. L. (1965). A rationale and test for the number of factors in factor analysis. Psychometrika, 30, 179–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hřebíčková, M., Urbánek, T., Čermák, I., Szarota, P., Ficková, E., & Orlická, L. (2002). The NEO Five-Factor Inventory in Czech, Polish, and Slovak contexts. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 53–78). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  18. Inglehart, R. (1997). Modernization and postmodernization: Culture, economic, and political change in 43 societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Jang, K. L., Livesley, W. J., & Vernon, P. A. (1996). Heritability of the Big Five personality dimensions and their facets: A twin study. Journal of Personality, 64, 575–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee, K.-I. (1995). Factor structure and maladaptive group profiles of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory for Koreans. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Pusan National University.Google Scholar
  21. Leininger, A. (2002). Vietnamese-American personality and acculturation: An exploration of relationships between personality traits and cultural goals. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 197–225). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lima, M. P. (2002). Personality and culture: The Portuguese case. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 249–260). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lodhi, P. H., Deo, S., & Belhekar, V. M. (2002). The Five-Factor Model of personality: Measurement and correlates in the Indian context. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 227–248). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lynn, R., & Martin, T. (1995). National differences for thirty-seven nations in extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism and economic, demographic and other correlates. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 403–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marsella, A. J., Dubanoski, J., Hamada, W. C., & Morse, H. (2000). The measurement of personality across cultures: Historical, conceptual, and methodological issues and considerations. American Behavioral Scientist.Google Scholar
  26. Martin, T. A., Costa, P. T., Jr., Oryol, V. E., Rukavishnikov, A. A., & Senin, I. G. (2002). Applications of the Russian NEO-PI-R. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 261–277). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Marušić, I., Bratko, D., & Eterović, H. (1997). A contribution to the cross-cultural replicability of the five-factor personality model. Review of Psychology, 3, 23–35.Google Scholar
  28. Mastor, K. A., Jin, P., & Cooper, M. (2000). Malay culture and personality: A Big Five perspective. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McCrae, R. R. (2001). Trait psychology and culture: Exploring intercultural comparisons. Journal of Personality, 69, 819–846.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McCrae, R. R., Yik, M. S. M., Trapnell, P. D., Bond, M. H., & Paulhus, D. L. (1998). Interpreting personality profiles across cultures: Bilingual, acculturation, and peer rating studies of Chinese undergraduates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1041–1055.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. McCrae, R. R., Zonderman, A. B., Costa, P. T., Jr., Bond, M. H., & Paunonen, S. V. (1996). Evaluating replicability of factors in the Revised NEO Personality Inventory: Confirmatory factor analysis versus Procrustes rotation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 552–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Piedmont, R. L., Bain, E., McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (2002). The applicability of the Five-Factor Model in a Sub-Saharan culture: The NEO-PI-R in Shona. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 155–174). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Poortinga, Y. H., Van de Vijver, F., & Van Hemert, D. A. (2002). Cross-cultural equivalence of the Big Five: A tenative interpretation of the evidence. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 281–302). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Psychological Assessment Resources. (1994). The Revised NEO Personality Inventory: Manual Supplement for the Spanish Edition. Odessa, FL: Author.Google Scholar
  35. Rolland, J. P. (1998). NEO-PI-R: Inventaire de Personnalité-Révisé (Adaptation française). Paris: Les Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée.Google Scholar
  36. Schwartz, S. H. (1999). A theory of cultural values and some implications for work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 23–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shimonaka, Y., Nakazato, K., Gondo, Y., & Takayama, M. (1999). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) manual for the Japanese Version [in Japanese]. Tokyo: Tokyo Shinri.Google Scholar
  38. Sue, S., Kuraski, K. S., & Srinivasan, S. (1999). Ethnicity, gender, and cross-cultural issues in clinical research. In P. C. Kndall, J. N. Butcher, & G. N. Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 54–71). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  39. Taj, A. (1994). A brief overview of the Indian cinema. University of Virginia. Retrieved December, 2001, from the World Wide Web: http://www.virginia.edu/~soasia/newsletter/Fall94/l.0.htmlGoogle Scholar
  40. van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Leung, K. (1997). Methods and data analysis of comparative research. In J. W. Berry, Y. H. Poortinga, & J. Pandey (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Vol 1: Theory and method (pp. 257-300). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  41. Yang, J., McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., Jr., Dai, X., Yao, S., Cai, T., & Gao, B. (1999). Cross-cultural personality assessment in psychiatric populations: The NEO-PI-R in the Peoples Republic of China. Psychological Assessment, 11, 359-368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. McCrae
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute on AgingUSA

Personalised recommendations