Genetic Engineering pp 107-136

Part of the Genetic Engineering: Principles and Methods book series (GEPM, volume 24)

Foreign DNA: Integration and Expression in Transgenic Plants

  • Richard M Twyman
  • Ajay Kohli
  • Eva Stoger
  • Paul Christou

Abstract

Gene transfer to plants is now a routine procedure, and the number of species amenable to transformation is increasing rapidly. The introduction of foreign DNA into plants allows the creation of engineered plant lines with improved production traits, resistance to pests, pathogens or herbicides, or the ability to synthesize speciality recombinant proteins such as human hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Many of these plants are now reaching commercial status (1). Although the applications of plant genetic engineering are diverse, there are only two basic strategies for stable plant transformation. The first depends on the natural ability of soil bacteria, such as Agrobacterium tumefaciens, to transfer a small segment of DNA from a resident plasmid into the plant cell (2). The second is ‘direct DNA transfer’ and encompasses a range of techniques where DNA is either physically forced into the plant cell, or the cell is persuaded to take up DNA from the surrounding medium. Examples of these techniques include particle bombardment (3), electroporation (4), the transformation of protoplasts mediated by polyethylene glycol (PEG) (5), and transformation using silicon carbide whiskers (6).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M Twyman
    • 1
  • Ajay Kohli
    • 1
  • Eva Stoger
    • 1
  • Paul Christou
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Biotechnology UnitJohn Innes CentreNorwichUK

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