Mechanical Ventilation of Mice

  • Lothar A. Schwarte
  • Can Ince
Part of the Basic Science for the Cardiologist book series (BASC, volume 16)


Due to the expanding interest in mouse research (e.g. the emerging field of functional genomics), there is a growing need for (patho-)physiological relevant, stable in vivo murine models, often requiring ventilatory support. Numerous techniques available forin vivo research of larger animals have been miniaturized and adapted, ranging from vascular catheterisation to measurement of cardiac output and organ blood flows. However, a major difficulty in this process of miniaturization is encountered at the level of mechanical ventilation, mainly because of the small size of mice and the technically demanding murine breathing pattern. To summarize the current state of mechanical mouse ventilation, we have updated our recent review on this subject1 and have included new data from others and from our own studies on this topic. The following aspects of murine respiratory support will be discussed: Murine respiratory physiology, indications of when to use mechanical ventilation in mice, airway access, types of ventilation of the mouse, and monitoring and side effects of mechanical ventilation.


Mechanical Ventilation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Airway Pressure Endotracheal Tube Spontaneous Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lothar A. Schwarte
    • 1
    • 2
  • Can Ince
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology, Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Clinic of AnesthesiologyHeinrich-Heine-University DüsseldorfGermany

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