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Modulation of the Immune Response in Critical Illness/Injury

  • Lesley Doughty
Chapter
Part of the Molecular and Cellular Biology of Critical Care Medicine book series (MCCM, volume 3)

Abstract

The systemic inflammatory response is elicited in a multitude of clinical scenarios including infection, tissue injury (surgical or traumatic), ischemia-reperfusion, post-cardiopulmonary bypass, as well as autoimmune phenomena. There are many factors capable of modulating the magnitude and quality of the immune response during critical illness/injury. Some factors precede critical illness/injury such as chronic poor nutrition, chronic stress (physiologic and/or psychologic), and underlying infectious disease (chronic and acute). Other factors become important modulators during a critical illness/injury including acute stress, infection, tissue injury, poor nutrition, and pharmacologic agents not usually associated with immunomodulation.

Keywords

Septic Shock Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome Cecal Ligation Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lesley Doughty
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Critical Care DivisionBrown University School of Medicine Rhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA

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