Science, Pseudoscience, and Not Science: How Do They Differ?

  • George R. Baran
  • Mohammad F. Kiani
  • Solomon Praveen Samuel


Many news stories related to health and the environment introduce and describe scientific concepts which may be unfamiliar to the reader. Often, the stories draw conclusions based on the scientific or technical concepts that were presented, with the result that the reader is left to rely on a correct interpretation of the concept by the writer. Similarly, many marketing and advertising claims for health-related products rely on anecdotal evidence, rather than on the outcomes of controlled research.


Global Warming Higgs Boson Intelligent Design Welfare Recipient Irradiate Food 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • George R. Baran
    • 1
  • Mohammad F. Kiani
    • 2
  • Solomon Praveen Samuel
    • 3
  1. 1.College of EngineeringTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Orthopedic Surgery Bioengineering LaboratoryAlbert Einstein Medical CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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