Tree Species, Genetics and Regeneration for Bioenergy Feedstock in Northern Europe

  • Lars RytterEmail author
  • Karin Johansson
  • Bo Karlsson
  • Lars-Göran Stener


In this chapter we discuss tree species that exhibit rapid growth in northern Europe, i.e. the Nordic and Baltic countries. These species include both common indigenous species and introduced species. We continue with an evaluation of current breeding work and the genetic potential of species that may be suitable for biomass production in this region. Because short rotation times are commonly desired in biomass production, fast, safe and cost-efficient establishment of stands is important. By carefully considering the conditions of the regeneration sites, selecting the most improved plant material from the tree species best suited to each site, and using the best available techniques for stand establishment, we offer guidance to successful growth and cultivation of various tree species to provide society with a renewable biomass supply for energy use.


Adaptation Biomass production Breeding Clone Management Native and non-native species Nordic and Baltic countries Planting Regeneration Rotation time Seedlings Silviculture 



This book chapter was written with the financial support from the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk). Pieter Kempeneers is acknowledged for producing Fig. 2.1 for this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lars Rytter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karin Johansson
    • 1
  • Bo Karlsson
    • 1
  • Lars-Göran Stener
    • 1
  1. 1.The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk)SvalövSweden

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