Communicating Oncofertility to Children: A Developmental Perspective for Teaching Health Messages
- 742 Downloads
Communicating basic health information to children is often a difficult task. It can be particularly challenging with young children, as they know very little about their bodies and struggle to comprehend abstract or hypothetical reasoning. As children get older, they know more about their bodies and health, but talking about complex medical issues and health remains difficult. As oncofertility is a new field that lies at the intersection of oncology and fertility, communicating oncofertility information to children requires not only clear, developmentally appropriate explanations of both health- and medicine-related to cancer but also the discussion of sexuality, fertility, and reproduction. In this chapter, we provide a developmental perspective about what children already know about their bodies and reproductive systems, background on how media is used to communicate health messages to children, and recommendations for how oncofertility experts can use media to educate young audiences.
KeywordsSexual Health Health Message Emergency Contraception Instructional Video Military Family
This work was supported by the Oncofertility Consortium NIH 5UL1DE019587 and the Specialized Cooperative Centers Program in Reproduction and Infertility Research NIH U54HD076188.
- 2.Piaget J. Play, dreams and imitation in childhood. New York: Norton; 1962.Google Scholar
- 5.Goldman RJ, Goldman JDG. How children perceive the origin of babies and the roles of mothers and fathers in procreation: a cross-national study. Child Dev. 1982;53:491–504.Google Scholar
- 9.Strausburger VC, Wilson B, Jordan A. Children, adolescents, and the media. Los Angeles, CA: Sage; 2008.Google Scholar
- 12.Ball S, Bogatz GA. First year of Sesame Street: an evaluation; a report to the Children’s Television Workshop. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service; 1970.Google Scholar
- 13.Fisch SM, Truglio RT. “G” is for growing: thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers; 2001.Google Scholar
- 17.Gavin J. Television teen drama and HIV/AIDS: the role of genre in audience understandings of safe sex. J Media Cult Stud. 2001;15:77–96.Google Scholar
- 18.Cole CF, Kotler J, Pai S. “Happy healthy muppets”: a look at Sesame workshop’s health initiatives around the world. In: Gaist PA, editor. Igniting the power of community: the role of CBO’s and NGO’s in global public health. New York: Springer Science + Business Media, LLC; 2010.Google Scholar
- 19.UNAIDS. United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS: HIV/AIDS Global Crisis-Global Action. 2001 June 25–27. http://www.unaids.org/fact_sheets/ungass/pdf/Fscomplet_en/pdf
- 21.Khulisa Management Services. Impact assessment of “Takalani Sesame” Season II Programme. Johannesburg, South Africa; 2005.Google Scholar
- 22.Kunkel D, Biely E, Eyal K, Cope-Farrar K, Donnerstein E, Fanrich R. Sex on TV3: a biennial report to the Kaiser family foundation. Santa Barbara, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation; 2003.Google Scholar
- 23.Boyer R, Levine D, Zensius N. TECHsex USA—youth sexuality and reproductive health in the digital age. Oakland, CA: ISIS; 2011.Google Scholar
- 28.Rideout V. Television as a health educator: a case study of Grey’s Anatomy. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation; 2008.Google Scholar
- 29.Sesame Workshop (n.d.). Kilimani Sesame Focuses on Malaria Prevention. http://supportus.sesameworkshop.org/site/c.nlI3IkNXJsE/b.4334103/k.3538/Kilimani_Sesame_Focuses_on_Malaria_Prevention.htm?auid = 3973718. Accessed 10 Dec 2012.
- 30.Jaaniste T, Hayes B, Von Baeyer CL. Providing children with information about forthcoming medical procedures: a review and synthesis. Clin Psychol. 2007;14:124–43.Google Scholar
- 44.GetWellNetwork. (n.d.). Client community. http://www.getwellnetwork.com/company/about-us/client-community. Accessed 23 Feb 2013.