The Association Between Diet Quality and Weight Change in Adults Over Time: A Systematic Review of Prospective Cohort Studies

  • Haya Aljadani
  • Amanda Patterson
  • David Sibbritt
  • Clare CollinsEmail author
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Obesity is defined as an excess of body fat. Different methods can be used to determine the degree of adiposity, with body mass index (BMI) being a commonly used indirect method [1]. BMI is defined as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height, in metres. According to the WHO BMI classifications, obesity is defined as BMI ≥30 kg/m2, while overweight is defined as 25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2 [2].


Diet index Diet Quality Diet score Weight Change Weight Gain Obesity Longitudinal Cohort 



Body mass index


Diet Quality Index


Energy intake


Food Frequency Questionnaire


Framingham Nutritional Risk Score


Mediterranean dietary patterns


Mediterranean Diet Score


Revised Mediterranean Dietary Score


Total energy intake


Waist circumference


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haya Aljadani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amanda Patterson
    • 1
  • David Sibbritt
    • 3
  • Clare Collins
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Health SciencesThe University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  2. 2.University of King Abdul-AzizJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public HealthThe University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia

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