The Essence of the Person-Centered Approach

  • Michael Lux
  • Renate Motschnig-Pitrik
  • Jeffrey Cornelius-White


The purpose of this chapter is threefold: First, it gives a glimpse on the life of Carl Rogers, the founder of the person-centered approach (PCA). Second, it proceeds by tracking the major phases of the development of the PCA. Third, it takes a “bird’s eye view” on a selection of major theoretical concepts in order to provide a kind of “theory landscape.” It is intended to help orientation in the scientific territory and relieve readers from searching and redesigning the landmarks in the subsequent chapters. It is a reference for the PCA theories.


Carl ransom rogers Person-centered approach Actualizing tendency Organismic valuing process Experience Interpersonal relationship Congruence Unconditional positive regard Empathy Presence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Lux
    • 1
  • Renate Motschnig-Pitrik
    • 2
  • Jeffrey Cornelius-White
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurologisches Rehabilitationszentrum QuellenhofBad WildbadGermany
  2. 2.University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Counseling, Leadership and Special EducationMissouri State UniversitySpringfieldUSA

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