Home-based services for individuals with developmental disabilities have been implemented successfully for several decades and have been the subject of a large amount of research demonstrating their effectiveness. This chapter reviews research on several varieties of home-based service delivery. In particular, home-based early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism is discussed, including research on EIBI implemented by university clinics, community-based agencies, and treatment directed by parents. The effects of age at intake and treatment intensity on EIBI outcomes are also reviewed. Research on other home-based services is also reviewed, including procedures for parent training and the reduction of challenging behavior. The latter section of the chapter discusses the relative strengths and limitations of home-based service delivery, as well as the importance of the quality of treatment. The chapter concludes with a discussion of variables to consider when selecting the most appropriate treatment setting for any given individual.
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder Developmental Disability Parent Training Challenging Behavior Apply Behavior Analysis
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